Richard L. H. Essery

Publications in cryosphere research affiliated to University of Edinburgh:

Santi, E., M. Brogioni, M. Leduc-Leballeur, G. Macelloni, F. Montomoli, P. Pampaloni, J. Lemmetyinen, J. Cohen, H. Rott, T. Nagler, C. Derksen, J. King, N. Rutter, R. Essery, C. Ménard, M. Sandells & M. Kern (2022) Exploiting the ANN potential in estimating snow depth and snow water equivalent from the airborne SnowSAR data at X- and Ku-bands. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 60, 4301216. https://doi.org/10.1109/TGRS.2021.3086893.

Sandells, M., H. Löwe, G. Picard, M. Dumont, R. Essery, N. Floury, A. Kontu, J. Lemmetyinen, W. Maslanka, S. Morin, A. Wiesmann & C. Mätzler (2022) X-Ray tomography-based microstructure representation in the snow microwave radiative transfer model. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 60, 4301115. https://doi:.org/10.1109/TGRS.2021.3086412.

Dutch, V. R., N. Rutter, L. Wake, M. Sandells, C. Derksen, B. Walker, G. H. Gosselin, O. Sonnentag, R. Essery, R. Kelly, P. Marsh, J. King & J. Boike (2022, October 11) Impact of measured and simulated tundra snowpack properties on heat transfer. The Cryosphere, 16 (10), 4201-4222. https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-16-4201-2022.

Lemmetyinen, J., J. Cohen, A. Kontu, J. Vehviläinen, H.-R. Hannula, I. Merkouriadi, S. Scheiblauer, H. Rott, T. Nagler, E. Ripper, K. Elder, H.-P. Marshall, R. Fromm, M. Adams, C. Derksen, J. King, A. Meta, A. Coccia, N. Rutter, M. Sandells, G. Macelloni, E. Santi, M. Leduc-Leballeur, R. Essery, C. Ménard & M. Kern (2022, September 01) Airborne SnowSAR data at X and Ku bands over boreal forest, alpine and tundra snow cover. Earth System Science Data, 14 (9), 3915-3945. https://doi:10.5194/essd-14-3915-2022.

Priestley, A., B. Kulessa, R. Essery, Y. Lejeune, E. Le Gac & J. Blackford (2022, August) Towards the development of an automated electrical self-potential sensor of melt and rainwater flow in snow. Journal of Glaciology, 68 (270), 720-732. https://doi.org/10.1017/jog.2021.128.

Mazzotti, G., C. Webster, R. Essery & T. Jonas (2021, May) Increasing the physical representation of forest-snow processes in coarse-resolution models: Lessons learned from upscaling hyper-resolution simulations. Water Resources Research, 57 (5), e2020WR029064. https://doi.org/10.1029/2020wr029064.

Ménard, C. B., R. Essery, G. Krinner, G. Arduini, P. Bartlett, A. Boone, C. Brutel-Vuilmet, E. Burke, M. Cuntz, Y. J. Dai, B. Decharme, E. Dutra, X. Fang, C. Fierz, Y. Gusev, S. Hagemann, V. Haverd, H. Kim, M. Lafaysse, T. Marke, O. Nasonova, T. Nitta, M. Niwano, J. Pomeroy, G. Schädler, V. A. Semenov, T. Smirnova, U. Strasser, S. Swenson, D. Turkov, N. Wever & H. Yuan (2021, January 14) Scientific and human errors in a snow-model intercomparison. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 102 (1), E61-E79. https://doi.org/10.1175/bams-d-19-0329.1.

Essery, R., H. Kim, L. B. Wang, P. Bartlett, A. Boone, C. Brutel-Vuilmet, E. Burke, M. Cuntz, B. Decharme, E. Dutra, X. Fang, Y. Gusev, S. Hagemann, V. Haverd, A. Kontu, G. Krinner, M. Lafaysse, Y. Lejeune, T. Marke, D. Marks, C. Marty, C. B. Ménard, O. Nasonova, T. Nitta, J. Pomeroy, G. Schädler, V. Semenov, T. Smirnova, S. Swenson, D. Turkov, N. Wever & H. Yuan (2020, December 21) Snow-cover duration trends observed at sites and predicted by multiple models. The Cryosphere, 14 (12), 4687-4698. https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-14-4687-2020.

Webster, C., G. Mazzotti, R. Essery & T. Jonas (2020, November) Enhancing airborne LiDAR data for improved forest-structure representation in shortwave-transmission models. Remote Sensing of Environment, 249, 112017. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2020.112017.

Günther, D., F. Hanzer, M. Warscher, R. Essery & U. Strasser (2020, October 28) Including parameter uncertainty in an intercomparison of physically-based snow models. Frontiers in Earth Science, 8, 542599. https://doi.org/10.3389/feart.2020.542599.

Mazzotti, G., R. Essery, C. Webster, J. Malle & T. Jonas (2020, September) Process-level evaluation of a hyper-resolution forest- snow model using distributed multisensor observations. Water Resources Research, 56 (9), e2020WR027572. https://doi.org/10.1029/2020wr027572.

Girotto, M., K. N. Musselman & R. L. H. Essery (2020, September) Data assimilation improves estimates of climate-sensitive seasonal snow. Current Climate Change Reports, 6 (3), 81-94. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40641-020-00159-7.

Mudryk, L., M. Santolaria-Otín, G. Krinner, M. Ménégoz, C. Derksen, C. Brutel-Vuilmet, M. Brady & R. Essery (2020, July 31) Historical Northern Hemisphere snow-cover trends and projected changes in the CMIP6 multi-model ensemble. The Cryosphere, 14 (7), 2495-2514. https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-14-2495-2020.

Mazzotti, G., R. Essery, C. D. Moeser & T. Jonas (2020, January) Resolving small-scale forest-snow patterns using an energy balance snow model with a one-layer canopy. Water Resources Research, 56 (1), e2019WR026129. https://doi.org/10.1029/2019wr026129.

Rutter, N., M. J. Sandells, C. Derksen, J. King, P. Toose, L. Wake, T. Watts, R. Essery, A. Roy, A. Royer, P. Marsh, C. Larsen & M. Sturm (2019, November 19) Effect of snow-microstructure variability on Ku-band radar snow water equivalent retrievals. The Cryosphere, 13 (11), 3045-3059. https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-13-3045-2019.

Magnusson, J., S. Eisner, S. Huang, C. Lussana, G. Mazzotti, R. Essery, T. Saloranta & S. Beldring (2019, July) Influence of spatial resolution on snow-cover dynamics for a coastal and mountainous region at high latitudes (Norway). Water Resources Research, 55 (7), 5612-5630. https://doi.org/10.1029/2019wr024925.

Ménard, C. B., R. Essery, A. Barr, P. Bartlett, J. Derry, M. Dumont, C. Fierz, H. Kim, A. Kontu, Y. Lejeune, D. Marks, M. Niwano, M. Raleigh, L. B. Wang & N. Wever (2019, June 17) Meteorological and evaluation datasets for snow modelling at 10 reference sites: Description of in situ and bias-corrected reanalysis data. Earth System Science Data, 11 (2), 865-880. https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-11-865-2019.

Walters, D., A. J. Baran, I. Boutle, M. Brooks, P. Earnshaw, J. Edwards, K. Furtado, P. Hill, A. Lock, J. Manners, C. Morcrette, J. Mulcahy, C. Sanchez, C. Smith, R. Stratton, W. Tennant, L. Tomassini, K. Van Weverberg, S. Vosper, M. Willett, J. Browse, A. Bushell, K. Carslaw, M. Dalvi, R. Essery, N. Gedney, S. Hardiman, B. Johnson, C. Johnson, A. Jones, C. Jones, G. Mann, S. Milton, H. Rumbold, A. Sellar, M. Ujiie, M. Whitall, K. Williams & M. Zerroukat (2019, May 14) The Met Office Unified Model Global Atmosphere 7.0/7.1 and JULES Global Land 7.0 configurations. Geoscientific Model Development, 12 (5), 1909-1963. https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-12-1909-2019.

Günther, D., T. Marke, R. Essery & U. Strasser (2019, April) Uncertainties in snowpack simulations – Assessing the impact of model structure, parameter choice, and forcing-data error on point-scale energy-balance snow-model performance. Water Resources Research, 55 (4), 2779-2800. https://doi.org/10.1029/2018wr023403.

Krinner, G., C. Derksen, R. Essery, M. Flanner, S. Hagemann, M. Clark, A. Hall, H. Rott, C. Brutel-Vuilmet, H. Kim, C. B. Ménard, L. Mudryk, C. Thackeray, L. B. Wang, G. Arduini, G. Balsamo, P. Bartlett, J. Boike, A. Boone, F. Chéruy, J. Colin, M. Cuntz, Y. Dai, B. Decharme, J. Derry, A. Ducharne, E. Dutra, X. Fang, C. Fierz, J. Ghattas, Y. Gusev, V. Haverd, A. Kontu, M. Lafaysse, R. Law, D. Lawrence, W. Li, T. Marke, D. Marks, M. Ménégoz, O. Nasonova, T. Nitta, M. Niwano, J. Pomeroy, M. S. Raleigh, G. Schaedler, V. Semenov, T. G. Smirnova, T. Stacke, U. Strasser, S. Svenson, D. Turkov, T. Wang, N. Wever, H. Yuan, W. Zhou & D. Zhu (2018, December 10) ESM-SnowMIP: Assessing snow models and quantifying snow-related climate feedbacks. Geoscientific Model Development, 11 (12), 5027-5049. https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-11-5027-2018.

Alonso-González, E., J. I. López-Moreno, S. Gascoin, M. García-Valdecasas Ojeda, A. Sanmiguel-Vallelado, F. Navarro-Serrano, J. Revuelto, A. Ceballos, M. J. Esteban-Parra & R. Essery (2018, February 20) Daily gridded datasets of snow depth and snow water equivalent for the Iberian Peninsula from 1980 to 2014. Earth System Science Data, 10 (1), 303-315. https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-10-303-2018.

MacDonald, M. K., J. W. Pomeroy & R. L. H. Essery (2018, January 15) Water and energy fluxes over northern prairies as affected by chinook winds and winter precipitation. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 248, 372-385, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2017.10.025.

Lundin, J. M. D., C. M. Stevens, R. Arthern, C. Buizert, A. Orsi, S. R. M. Ligtenberg, S. B. Simonsen, E. Cummings, R. Essery, W. Leahy, P. Harris, M. M. Helsen & E. D. Waddington (2017, June) Firn Model Intercomparison Experiment (FirnMICE). Journal of Glaciology, 63 (239), 401-422. https://doi.org/10.1017/jog.2016.114.

Magnusson, J., A. Winstral, A. S. Stordal, R. Essery & T. Jonas (2017, February) Improving physically-based snow simulations by assimilating snow depths using the particle filter. Water Resources Research, 53 (2), 1125-1143. https://doi.org/10.1002/2016wr019092.

Sandells, M., R. Essery, N. Rutter, L. Wake, L. Leppänen & J. Lemmetyinen (2017, January 27) Microstructure representation of snow in coupled snowpack and microwave emission models. The Cryosphere, 11 (1), 229-246. https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-11-229-2017.

Rutter, N., H.-P. Marshall, K. Tape, R. Essery & J. King (2016, December) Impact of spatial averaging on radar reflectivity at internal snowpack layer boundaries. Journal of Glaciology, 62 (236), 1065-1074. https://doi.org/10.1017/jog.2016.99.

Bokhorst, S., S. H. Pedersen, L. Brucker, O. Anisimov, J. W. Bjerke, R. D. Brown, D. Ehrich, R. L. H. Essery, A. Heilig, S. Ingvander, C. Johansson, M. Johansson, I. S. Jónsdóttir, N. Inga, K. Luojus, G. Macelloni, H. Mariash, D. McLennan, G. N. Rosqvist, A. Sato, H. Savela, M. Schneebeli, A. Sokolov, S. A. Sokratov, S. Terzago, D. Vikhamar-Schuler, S. Williamson, Y. B. Qiu & T. V. Callaghan (2016, September) Changing Arctic snow cover: A review of recent developments and assessment of future needs for observations, modelling, and impacts. Ambio, 45 (5), 516-537. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13280-016-0770-0.

Pomeroy, J. W., R. L. H. Essery & W. D. Helgason (2016, August 01) Aerodynamic and radiative controls on the snow surface temperature. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 17 (8), 2175-2189. https://doi.org/10.1175/jhm-d-15-0226.1.

Essery, R., A. Kontu, J. Lemmetyinen, M. Dumont & C. B. Ménard (2016, June 16) A 7-year dataset for driving and evaluating snow models at an Arctic site (Sodankyla, Finland). Geoscientific Instrumentation, Methods and Data Systems, 5 (1), 219-227. https://doi.org/10.5194/gi-5-219-2016.

Spencer, M. & R. Essery (2016, June) Scottish snow-cover dependence on the North Atlantic Oscillation index. Hydrology Research, 47 (3), 619-629. https://doi.org/10.2166/nh.2016.085.

Thompson, S. S., B. Kulessa, R. L. H. Essery & M. P. Lüthi (2016, February 29) Bulk meltwater flow and liquid water content of snowpacks mapped using the electrical self-potential (SP) method. The Cryosphere, 10 (1), 433-444. https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-10-433-2016.

Essery, R. (2015, December 08) A factorial snowpack model (FSM 1.0). Geoscientific Model Development, 8 (12), 3867-3876. https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-8-3867-2015.

Widlowski, J. L., C. Mio, M. Disney, J. Adams, I. Andredakis, C. Atzberger, J. Brennan, L. Busetto, M. Chelle, G. Ceccherini, R. Colombo, J. F. Côte, A. Eenmäe, R. Essery, J. P. Gastellu-Etchegorry, N. Gobron, E. Grau, V. Haverd, L. Homolová, H. Huang, L. Hunt, H. Kobayashi, B. Koetz, A. Kuusk, J. Kuusk, M. Lang, P. E. Lewis, J. L. Lovell, Z. Malenovský, M. Meroni, F. Morsdorf, M. Mõttus, W. Ni-Meister, B. Pinty, M. Rautiainen, M. Schlerf, B. Somers, J. Stuckens, M. M. Verstraete, W. Z. Yang, F. Zhao & T. Zenone (2015, November) The fourth phase of the radiative transfer model intercomparison (RAMI) exercise: Actual canopy scenarios and conformity testing. Remote Sensing of Environment, 169, 418-437. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2015.08.016.

Musselman, K. N., J. W. Pomeroy, R. L. H. Essery & N. Leroux (2015, August 30) Impact of windflow calculations on simulations of alpine snow accumulation, redistribution and ablation. Hydrological Processes, 29 (18), 3983-3999. https://doi.org/10.1002/hyp.10595.

Chadburn, S. E., E. J. Burke, R. L. H. Essery, J. Boike, M. Langer, M. Heikenfeld, P. M. Cox & P. Friedlingstein (2015, August 07) Impact of model developments on present and future simulations of permafrost in a global land-surface model. The Cryosphere, 9 (4), 1505-1521. https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-9-1505-2015.

Chadburn, S., E. Burke, R. Essery, J. Boike, M. Langer, M. Heikenfeld, P. Cox & P. Friedlingstein (2015, May 21) An improved representation of physical permafrost dynamics in the JULES land-surface model. Geoscientific Model Development, 8 (5), 1493-1508. https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-8-1493-2015.

Magnusson, J., N. Wever, R. Essery, N. Helbig, A. Winstral & T. Jonas (2015, April) Evaluating snow models with varying process representations for hydrological applications. Water Resources Research, 51 (4), 2707-2723. https://doi.org/10.1002/2014wr016498.

McGrane, S. J., D. Tetzlaff, R. Essery & C. Soulsby (2014, December) Do catchment characteristics explain differences in coherence and trends in hydroclimatic behaviour in an upland region? Hydrology Research, 45 (6), 817-837. https://doi.org/10.2166/nh.2014.147.

Spencer, M., R. Essery, L. Chambers & S. Hogg (2014, September 24) The historical snow survey of Great Britain: Digitised data for Scotland. Scottish Geographical Journal, 130 (4), 252-265. https://doi.org/10.1080/14702541.2014.900184.

Collier, E., L. I. Nicholson, B. W. Brock, F. Maussion, R. Essery & A. B. G. Bush (2014, August 05) Representing moisture fluxes and phase changes in glacier debris cover using a reservoir approach. The Cryosphere, 8 (4), 1429-1444. https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-8-1429-2014.

Ménard, C. B., R. Essery & J. Pomeroy (2014, June 26) Modelled sensitivity of the snow regime to topography, shrub fraction and shrub height. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 18 (6), 2375-2392. https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-18-2375-2014.

Reid, T. D., R. L. H. Essery, N. Rutter & M. King (2014, March 15) Data-driven modelling of shortwave radiation transfer to snow through boreal birch and conifer canopies. Hydrological Processes, 28 (6), 2987-3007. https://doi.org/10.1002/hyp.9849.

Capell, R., D. Tetzlaff, R. Essery & C. Soulsby (2014, January 30) Projecting climate-change impacts on stream flow regimes with tracer-aided runoff models – Preliminary assessment of heterogeneity at the mesoscale. Hydrological Processes, 28 (3), 545-558. https://doi.org/10.1002/hyp.9612.

Ménard, C. B., R. Essery, J. Pomeroy, P. Marsh & D. B. Clark (2014, January 15) A shrub bending model to calculate the albedo of shrub-tundra. Hydrological Processes, 28 (2), 341-351. https://doi.org/10.1002/hyp.9582.

Essery, R. (2013, October 28) Large-scale simulations of snow albedo masking by forests. Geophysical Research Letters, 40 (20), 5521-5525. https://doi.org/10.1002/grl.51008.

Essery, R., S. Morin, Y. Lejeune & C. B. Ménard (2013, May) A comparison of 1701 snow models using observations from an alpine site. Advances in Water Resources, 55, 131-148. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.advwatres.2012.07.013.

Harlow, R. C. & R. Essery (2012, November) Tundra snow emissivities at MHS frequencies: MEMLS validation using airborne microwave data measured during CLPX-II. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 50 (11), 4262-4278. https://doi.org/10.1109/tgrs.2012.2193132.

Kulessa, B., D. Chandler, A. Revil & R. Essery (2012, September) Theory and numerical modeling of electrical self-potential signatures of unsaturated flow in melting snow. Water Resources Research, 48 (9), W09511. https://doi.org/10.1029/2012wr012048.

Callaghan, T. V., M. Johansson, R. D. Brown, P. Y. Groisman, N. Labba, V. Radionov, R. S. Bradley, S. Blangy, O. N. Bulygina, T. R. Christensen, J. E. Colman, R. L. H. Essery, B. C. Forbes, M. C. Forchhammer, V. N. Golubev, R. E. Honrath, G. P. Juday, A. V. Meshcherskaya, G. K. Phoenix, J. Pomeroy, A. Rautio, D. A. Robinson, N. M. Schmidt, M. C. Serreze, V. P. Shevchenko, A. I. Shiklomanov, A. B. Shmakin, P. Sköld, M. Sturm, M. K. Woo & E. F. Wood (2011, December) Multiple effects of changes in Arctic snow cover. Ambio, 40 (supplement 1), 32-45. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13280-011-0213-x.

Callaghan, T. V., M. Johansson, R. D. Brown, P. Y. Groisman, N. Labba, V. Radionov, R. G. Barry, O. N. Bulygina, R. L. H. Essery, D. M. Frolov, V. N. Golubev, T. C. Grenfell, M. N. Petrushina, V. N. Razuvaev, D. A. Robinson, P. Romanov, D. Shindell, A. B. Shmakin, S. A. Sokratov, S. Warren & D. Q. Yang (2011,December) The changing face of Arctic snow cover: A synthesis of observed and projected changes. Ambio, 40 (supplement 1), 17-31. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13280-011-0212-y.

Clark, D. B., L. M. Mercado, S. Sitch, C. D. Jones, N. Gedney, M. J. Best, M. Pryor, G. G. Rooney, R. L. H. Essery, E. Blyth, O. Boucher, R. J. Harding, C. Huntingford & P. M. Cox (2011, September 01) The Joint UK Land Environment Simulator (JULES), model description – Part 2: Carbon fluxes and vegetation dynamics. Geoscientific Model Development, 4 (3), 701-722. https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-4-701-2011.

Best, M. J., M. Pryor, D. B. Clark, G. G. Rooney, R. L. H. Essery, C. B. Ménard, J. M. Edwards, M. A. Hendry, A. Porson, N. Gedney, L. M. Mercado, S. Sitch, E. Blyth, O. Boucher, P. M. Cox, C. S. B. Grimmond & R. J. Harding (2011, September 01) The Joint UK Land Environment Simulator (JULES), model description – Part 1: Energy and water fluxes. Geoscientific Model Development, 4 (3), 677-699. https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-4-677-2011.

Ellis, C. R., J. W. Pomeroy, R. L. H. Essery & T. E. Link (2011, March) Effects of needleleaf forest cover on radiation and snowmelt dynamics in the Canadian Rocky Mountains. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 41 (3), 608-620. https://doi.org/10.1139/x10-227.

Parajka, J., S. Dadson, T. Lafon & R. Essery (2010, December 27) Evaluation of snow cover and depth simulated by a land surface model using detailed regional snow observations from Austria. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 115 (D24), D24117. https://doi.org/10.1029/2010jd014086.

Bewley, D., R. Essery, J. Pomeroy & C. Ménard (2010, July 26) Measurements and modelling of snowmelt and turbulent heat fluxes over shrub tundra. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 14 (7), 1331-1340. https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-14-1331-2010.

Rott, H., S. H. Yueh, D. W. Cline, C. Duguay, R. Essery, C. Haas, F. Hélière, M. Kern, G. Macelloni, E. Malnes, T. Nagler, J. Pulliainen, H. Rebhan & A. Thompson (2010, May) Cold Regions Hydrology High-Resolution Observatory for snow and cold land processes. Proceedings of the IEEE, 98 (5), 752-765. https://doi.org/10.1109/jproc.2009.2038947.

Tape, K. D., N. Rutter, H.-P. Marshall, R. Essery & M. Sturm (2010, February) Recording microscale variations in snowpack layering using near-infrared photography. Journal of Glaciology, 56 (195), 75-80. https://doi.org/10.3189/002214310791190938.

Essery, R., D. Marks & P. Marsh (2009, August 15) Subsurface, surface and atmospheric processes in cold regions hydrology: Preface. Hydrological Processes, 23 (17), 2496-2497. https://doi.org/10.1002/hyp.7365.

Essery, R., N. Rutter, J. Pomeroy, R. Baxter, M. Stähli, D. Gustafsson, A. Barr, P. Bartlett & K. Elder (2009, August) An evaluation of forest snow process simulations. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 90 (8), 1120-1136. https://doi.org/10.1175/2009bams2629.1.

De Jong, C., D. Lawler & R. Essery (2009, March 30) Mountain hydroclimatology and snow seasonality – Perspectives on climate impacts, snow seasonality and hydrological change in mountain environments: Preface. Hydrological Processes, 23 (7), 955-961. https://doi.org/10.1002/hyp.7193.

Rutter, N., R. Essery, J. Pomeroy, N. Altimir, K. Andreadis, I. Baker, A. Barr, P. Bartlett, A. Boone, H. P. Deng, H. Douville, E. Dutra, K. Elder, C. Ellis, X. Feng, A. Gelfan, A. Goodbody, Y. Gusev, D. Gustafsson, R. Hellström, Y. Hirabayashi, T. Hirota, T. Jonas, V. Koren, A. Kuragina, D. Lettenmaier, W. P. Li, C. Luce, E. Martin, O. Nasonova, J. Pumpanen, R. D. Pyles, P. Samuelsson, M. Sandells, G. Schädler, A. Shmakin, T. G. Smirnova, M. Stähli, R. Stöckli, U. Strasser, H. Su, K. Suzuki, K. Takata, K. Tanaka, E. Thompson, T. Vesala, P. Viterbo, A. Wiltshire, K. Xia, Y. K. Xue & T. Yamazaki (2009, March 27) Evaluation of forest snow processes models (SnowMIP2). Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 114 (D6), D06111. https://doi.org/10.1029/2008jd011063.

Essery, R., J. Pomeroy, C. Ellis & T. Link (2008, July 15) Modelling longwave radiation to snow beneath forest canopies using hemispherical photography or linear regression. Hydrological Processes, 22 (15), 2788-2800. https://doi.org/10.1002/hyp.6930.

Essery, R., P. Bunting, J. Hardy, T. Link, D. Marks, R. Melloh, J. Pomeroy, A. Rowlands & N. Rutter (2008, April) Radiative transfer modeling of a coniferous canopy characterized by airborne remote sensing. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 9 (2), 228-241. https://doi.org/10.1175/2007jhm870.1.

Evans, E., R. Essery & R. Lucas (2008) Changing snow cover and the net mass balance of Storglaciären, northern Sweden. Annals of Glaciology, 49, 199-204. https://doi.org/10.3189/172756408787814933.